High cholesterol clogs blood vessels and is able to cause heart attack or blood stroke. So the sooner you will know how to control level of this substance, the better.
Why cardiologists recommend to all without exception to monitor cholesterol level? Man is mortal and, as Woland said, sometimes he is suddenly mortal. The leadership among diseases in «death» discipline is held by cardiovascular diseases and the most powerful of them – myocardial infarction. If you do not know mechanics of the latter, My Canadian Pharmacy informs: due to cholesterol plaques, lumen of blood vessels, that feed heart, narrows – and there blood clot easily «settles» which stops blood flow to myocardium (heart muscle). The larger volume remained without nutrition, the less chance of survival there are.
And now about the good. About cholesterol. After all, in this world there is almost no pure «evil». The subject of our conversation by nature intended to be a building material of our organism. Cell membranes in the body are made of cholesterol, it is the basis of almost all hormones. So it is important to us and helpful – as long as its content in the body is balanced. But in some cases, this substance becomes a murderer, so let’s find out how to «disarm» it.
Bad and Good Cholesterol
Not so much quantity of the substance in the blood is important as ratio of its «good» and «bad» emanations. «Bad» cholesterol is called substance of low and very low density. If you undergone biochemical analysis of blood, in the form with results it will be referred to as acronym VLDL and LDL (very low-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein). These 2 types of cholesterol can be deposited on walls of arteries.
«Good» is their opponent. Its task is to collect excess bad cholesterol in the body, and send it to liver for re-melting. In analyzes it is referred to as HDL (high density lipoprotein).
The conclusion is clear: the more «good» in blood, the purer vessels are and longer life is. Doctors called excess HDL «longevity syndrome». This happens, for example, with mountain peoples of Caucasus: simply because of their hereditary liver produces so much high-density lipoprotein that they die in their old age and almost healthy.
Causes of High Cholesterol
Perhaps you’ve heard that we should eat properly to maintain balance of cholesterol in blood: less animal fat, no fat and butter, more plant food – and the trick is done. In fact, 80% of material produced in liver and only 20% comes from food.
Synthesis of cholesterol in liver is affected by many factors, as My Canadian Pharmacy experts say. First of all – health of the body, plus hereditary factor, stress and human ability to cope with it, thyroid condition.
If you drink, smoke, breathe impure air of cities (destroying liver) plus working hard – then even if heredity is perfect excess «bad» cholesterol can be observed in blood. Conversely, at healthy eating, sports achievements and staying in Bali, bad genetics can ruin the whole picture.
What to Do with Cholesterol
Cholesterol does not need to be treated with medications, and even more so surgically, if it narrows vessel lumen by less than 60%. In this case, the main task is to prevent spread. Here’s how it’s done.
- Fatty, salty, sweet foods, fried potatoes with bacon – all terribly unhealthy is banned. Especially important to limit fats of animal origin.
- Do not fall into fanaticism: completely fat-free products are not less evil for metabolism than pure fat.
- Do not believe those who say that you should eliminate from your life meat to lower cholesterol levels.
- Fish for help! It is this product that gives us wonderful opportunity to raise level of «good» cholesterol in blood.
- It is believed that in fight against cholesterol – seafood is useful. As it turns out, not all seafood: loricates – prohibited, shelly – allowed.
- Go in for sports.
- For the sake of liver health, of course, you should not drink and smoke.
If plaques cover vessels by 60% or more, it is time to reflect on serious treatment. To date, there are 2 main methods: drugs for cholesterol (statins) and stenting.
Statins reduce production of «bad» cholesterol in liver, which allows to stop formation of plaques and seal them, improving blood flow.
Stenting is a surgical manipulation. A stent is a plastic tube with metal frame, which is installed in a vessel. This is done in a tricky way: through a puncture in femoral artery. From there, folded stent is inserted into small balloon, «pushed» to any trouble area. On the spot in blocked artery, the balloon is inflated, stent is inserted into it straightens and flattens cholesterol plaques. Since then, patient lives with a kind of prosthesis, to prop up vascular wall. More recently there were invented stents that dissolve over time.
Naturally, any statin or stenting alone are not prescribed independently: such treatment is preceded by a variety of medical examinations and detailed analysis of situation.